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МОРСКАТА СИГУРНОСТ – ФАКТОР ЗА НАМАЛЯВАНЕ НА МЕЖДУНАРОДНИТЕ МОРСКИ ПРЕСТЪПЛЕНИЯ.

  • Academic Journal
  • Йорданова, Мирослава1 miroslava_yordanova@mail.bg
  • Management & Education / Upravlenie i Obrazovanie. 2022, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p91-95. 5p.
  • Modern maritime security issues have a great importance for Bulgaria. However, in view of the fact that the Law of the sea is governed mainly by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea adopted in 1982, there is a leading international law approach. In this regard, one of the purposes of this paper is to consider the content of the concept of "maritime security". It is required to identify and analyze the components of maritime security as well as to synchronize legislation between countries in the field of both maritime and criminal law. The marine environment predisposes to the commission of a large number and different types of crimes. Most common threats are: transportation of illegal immigrants by sea, theft and fraud of goods, smuggling of drugs, illegal transportation and trading weapons and chemicals, armed robbery and piracy, terrorist acts, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, as well as crimes against the environment. In order to identify mechanism to overcome the abovementioned threats, we need to pay attention to the role of international organizations in ensuring maritime security, namely: NATO, the UN, the International Maritime Organization and the European Maritime Safety Agency. Considering the fact that in general there is a lack of adequate measures ensuring High seas security, we shall overview the processes revealing the necessity of sanctioning mechanisms and strategies for overcoming the addressed at the current paper, problem. Important aspects of the maritime security are: Satellite System INMARSAT, legal acts adopted by the above stated international organizations. The legal acts must be systematized especially considering the dynamic changes in the conditions for the functioning of international security. In this line of thinking, it is necessary to follow current trends in order to build a well-functioning system of institutions at international level. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Additional Information
MARITIME SECURITY – FACTOR FOR REDUCING INTERNATIONAL MARITIME CRIMES.
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