scroll to top
Press enter or spacebar to select a desired language.
Press enter or spacebar to select a desired language.
Your source for trusted research content

EBSCO Auth Banner

Let's find your institution. Click here.

Bariatric surgery in morbidly obese patients improves the atherogenic qualitative properties of the plasma lipoproteins.

  • Academic Journal
  • Atherosclerosis (00219150). May2014, Vol. 234 Issue 1, p200-205. 6p.
  • Abstract: Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of weight loss induced in morbidly obese subjects by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass bariatric surgery on the atherogenic features of their plasma lipoproteins. Methods: Twenty-one morbidly obese subjects undergoing bariatric surgery were followed up for up to 1 year after surgery. Plasma and lipoproteins were assayed for chemical composition and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) activity. Lipoprotein size was assessed by non-denaturing polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis, and oxidised LDL by ELISA. Liver samples were assayed for mRNA abundance of oxidative markers. Results: Lipid profile analysis revealed a reduction in the plasma concentrations of cholesterol and triglycerides, which were mainly associated with a significant reduction in the plasma concentration of circulating apoB-containing lipoproteins rather than with changes in their relative chemical composition. All patients displayed a pattern A phenotype of LDL subfractions and a relative increase in the antiatherogenic plasma HDL-2 subfraction (>2-fold; P < 0.001). The switch towards predominantly larger HDL particles was due to an increase in their relative cholesteryl ester content. Excess weight loss also led to a significant decrease in the plasma concentration of oxidised LDL (∼−25%; P < 0.01) and in the total Lp-PLA2 activity. Interestingly, the decrease in plasma Lp-PLA2 was mainly attributed to a decrease in the apoB-containing lipoprotein-bound Lp-PLA2. Conclusion: Our data indicate that the weight loss induced by bariatric surgery ameliorates the atherogenicity of plasma lipoproteins by reducing the apoB-containing Lp-PLA2 activity and oxidised LDL, as well as increasing the HDL-2 subfraction. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
Additional Information