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Impacts of and adaptation to climate change on the oil palm in Malaysia: a systematic review.

  • Academic Journal
  • Abubakar A; Faculty of Forestry and Environment, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. abubakar8550483@gmail.com.
    Ishak MY; Faculty of Forestry and Environment, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
    Makmom AA; Faculty of Forestry and Environment, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Environmental science and pollution research international [Environ Sci Pollut Res Int] 2021 Oct; Vol. 28 (39), pp. 54339-54361. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Aug 16.
  • English
  • The interaction and the interplay of climate change with oil palm production in the Southeast Asia region are of serious concern. This particularly applies in Malaysia due to its rank as the second largest palm oil producer in the world. The anthropogenic activities and the agroecological practices in oil palm plantation, including excessive use of fertilisers, bush fire due to land clearing, and cultivation on peatland, have exacerbated the effects of climate change featuring extreme events, drought, flooding, heatwave, as well as infestation of pest and diseases. These adverse impacts on oil palm production highlight the significance of deploying effective adaptation strategies. The study aims to examine the impact of climate change on oil palm production and identify the farmers' adaptation strategies to the impacts of climate change in Malaysia. This study was conducted a comprehensive review of the articles published from 2000 to 2021 in the contexts of climate change and oil palm production in Malaysia. The review shows that climate change has a range of impacts on the oil palm production in Malaysia. As a result, several adaptation options were identified, such as breeding of hybrid varieties that are tolerant and resistant to heat; sustainable management of soil; pit and tranches to enhance water management in plantation areas; minimal use of fertilisers, herbicides, and pesticides; zero burning; and minimum tillage. The reviewed studies recommended the following to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change: sustainable national policy on climate change, conservation of the existing carbon stock, effective management of tropical rainforest biodiversity, afforestation for carbon sequestration, and reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emission.
    (© 2021. The Author(s).)
Additional Information
Publisher: Springer Country of Publication: Germany NLM ID: 9441769 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1614-7499 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 09441344 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Subsets: MEDLINE
Publication: : Berlin : Springer
Original Publication: Landsberg, Germany : Ecomed
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Keywords: Extreme event; Malaysia; Oil palm; Rainfall; Temperature; Variability
Date Created: 20210817 Date Completed: 20211008 Latest Revision: 20221005
20221005
PMC8494663
10.1007/s11356-021-15890-3
34402002
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