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LGBT workplace protections as an extension of the protected class framework.

  • Academic Journal
  • Steiger RL; Department of Psychology, DePaul University.
    Henry PJ; Department of Psychology, New York University Abu Dhabi.
  • Law and human behavior [Law Hum Behav] 2020 Aug; Vol. 44 (4), pp. 251-265.
  • English
  • Objectives: Many corporations in the United States have enacted nondiscrimination policies for their LGBT employees, despite that the LGBT community has not been a legally protected class concerning employment discrimination at the national level. We examined whether progressive corporate LGBT-related policies may be an extension of policies and practices designed to foster diversity and create equality for existing legally protected classes (women, ethnic minorities, veterans, and those with disabilities). We also examined whether leadership level diversity (percentage of women and ethnic minorities on company boards of directors) predicted nondiscrimination policies for LGBT employees.
    Hypotheses: We predicted companies that have been recognized and awarded for protected class diversity policies and that have a greater percentage of women and racial/ethnic minorities on their boards of directors would have more progressive LGBT-related corporate policies.
    Method: Using a sample of Fortune 500 companies, we examined protected-class diversity awards and percentage of women and racial/ethnic minorities on boards of directors as predictors of LGBT-related policies. At the company-level, we controlled for the average age of board, company size, and company revenue. At the level of company headquarter location, we controlled for political climate, Christian religiosity, and LGBT employment nondiscrimination laws. We also controlled for U.S. region and industry sector.
    Results: Multilevel modeling results indicated that protected-class diversity awards and the percentage of women on company boards of directors significantly and independently predicted progressive LGBT policy scores, whereas the percentage of racial/ethnic minorities on boards of directors had less consistent results.
    Conclusion: Companies that address issues of diversity and equality in the workplace have been likely to include the LGBT community among their groups of concern, even in the absence of legal pressures to do so. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).
Additional Information
Publisher: American Psychological Association Country of Publication: United States NLM ID: 7801255 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1573-661X (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 01477307 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Law Hum Behav Subsets: MEDLINE
Publication: 2012- : Washington, DC : American Psychological Association
Original Publication: New York, Plenum Press.
Date Created: 20200808 Date Completed: 20210511 Latest Revision: 20210511
20220902
10.1037/lhb0000418
32757608

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