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Measurement Properties of Clinically Accessible Movement Assessment Tools for Analyzing Jump Landings: A Systematic Review.

  • Academic Journal
  • Journal of Sport Rehabilitation; May2022, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p465-475, 11p, 3 Diagrams, 6 Charts
  • Context: Lower-extremity musculoskeletal injury is commonly associated with poor movement patterns at the trunk, hip, and knee. Efforts have been focused on identifying poor lower-extremity movement using clinically friendly movement assessments, such as rubrics and 2D measures. Assessments used clinically or for research should have acceptable measurement properties, such as reliability and validity. However, the literature on reliability and validity of movement assessments to analyze jump landings has not been summarized. Objective: To systematically review measurement properties of rubrics and 2D measurements that aim to classify movement quality during jump landings. Evidence Acquisition: The search strategy was developed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines. The search was performed in PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science databases. The COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments multiphase procedure was used to extract relevant data, evaluate methodological quality of each study, score the results of each movement assessment, and synthesize the evidence. Evidence Synthesis: Twenty-two studies were included after applying eligibility criteria. Reliability and construct validity of the landing error scoring system were acceptable. Criterion validity of 2D knee flexion angle and medial knee displacement is acceptable. Reliability of 2D knee ankle separation ratio and knee frontal plane projection angle are acceptable. Conclusion: The landing error scoring system is a valid way to determine poor movement quality and injury risk. Measures of 2D knee flexion angle and medial knee displacement are valid alternatives for 3D knee flexion angle and knee abduction moment, respectively. Knee ankle separation ratio and knee frontal plane projection angle are reliable but lack validity justifying their clinical use. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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