The article discusses the 2006 U.S. government elections, which the author describes as polarized and driven by the national Republican and Democratic parties. He calls the election a referendum on U.S. President George W. Bush and the Republican majority in Congress. The author cites books that argue the increasing polarization of U.S. politics in the 25 years leading up the this election. He refers to "The Broken Branch," by Thomas E. Mann and Norman J. Ornstein, to demonstrate the argument that partisanship threatens the separation of powers, and Morris P. Fiorina's "Culture War? The Myth of a Polarized America" to present the view that a healthy government needs a citizenship that celebrates individual rights and the separation of church and state.