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The Truth Commission as a Tool for Accessing and Disseminating Information: Realization of the Right to Truth in Post-Conflict Societies.

  • Academic Journal
  • International Journal of Media & Information Literacy. Jun2022, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p233-241. 9p.
  • Article
  • An important attribute of present-day society is the ability to make sense of past conflicts and prevent future ones on the basis of such reflections. A central tool in this regard has been the right to truth, realizing which enables the public to not only learn about mass and gross human rights violations and their perpetrators but also seek guarantees that there will be no repeat of such events in the future. Institutionally, the right to truth is realized both via international and domestic legal procedures and through the use of various investigative and quasi-investigative commissions. The latter include truth commissions. The foundational principles underlying the operation of truth commissions were developed by UN specialists, with the basic idea being to establish such commissions in post-conflict societies as independent entities, provide them with access to all relevant documents and victims, and supply them with all necessary financial and operational support. To gain an insight into models for the formation and operation of truth commissions, an analysis was conducted of the activity of the Study Commission for Working Through the History and the Consequences of the SED Dictatorship in Germany, the Yugoslav Truth and Reconciliation Commission (both representing Europe), the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (Africa), and the Truth Commission for El Salvador (Latin America). The conclusion drawn from the study is that each of these commissions has been criticized for inefficient activity, despite differences in the fulfillment of their recommendations. Truth commissions formed of local specialists tend to enjoy a higher level of support from the public. The realization of the commissions' recommendations tends to depend on there being political will and to be possible only under pressure from the international community and a state's civil society. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Additional Information
armed conflict
civil conflict
fair society
post-conflict society
reconciliation
right to truth
transitional justice
truth commission
Copyright of International Journal of Media & Information Literacy is the property of Cherkas Global University Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
1Sumy State University, Ukraine
2Cherkas Global University, Washington, USA
3Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
2500-106X
10.13187/ijmil.2022.1.233
157601674

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