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Transition from open to robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy is associated with a reduction of positive surgical margins amongst private-practice-based urologists.

  • Academic Journal
  • Madeb R; Departments of Urology and Pathology, Polisseni Robotic and Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Rochester General Hospital, 2615 Culver Road, Rochester, NY 14609 USA.
    Golijanin D; Departments of Urology and Pathology, Polisseni Robotic and Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Rochester General Hospital, 2615 Culver Road, Rochester, NY 14609 USA.
    Knopf J; Departments of Urology and Pathology, Polisseni Robotic and Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Rochester General Hospital, 2615 Culver Road, Rochester, NY 14609 USA.
    Nicholson C; Departments of Urology and Pathology, Polisseni Robotic and Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Rochester General Hospital, 2615 Culver Road, Rochester, NY 14609 USA.
    Cramer S; Departments of Urology and Pathology, Polisseni Robotic and Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Rochester General Hospital, 2615 Culver Road, Rochester, NY 14609 USA.
    Tonetti F; Departments of Urology and Pathology, Polisseni Robotic and Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Rochester General Hospital, 2615 Culver Road, Rochester, NY 14609 USA.
    Piccone K; Departments of Urology and Pathology, Polisseni Robotic and Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Rochester General Hospital, 2615 Culver Road, Rochester, NY 14609 USA.
    Valvo JR; Departments of Urology and Pathology, Polisseni Robotic and Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Rochester General Hospital, 2615 Culver Road, Rochester, NY 14609 USA.
    Eichel L; Departments of Urology and Pathology, Polisseni Robotic and Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Rochester General Hospital, 2615 Culver Road, Rochester, NY 14609 USA.
  • Journal of robotic surgery [J Robot Surg] 2007; Vol. 1 (2), pp. 145-9. Date of Electronic Publication: 2007 Feb 23.
  • English
  • Several recent studies have suggested that thought leaders in radical prostatectomy have decreased their own positive margin rates by switching from open to robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Theoretically, this improvement is largely attributed to enhanced visualization of the deep pelvis and precision of dissection afforded by the instrumentation. To date, it has not been determined if this phenomenon exists amongst non-fellowship-trained urologists in private practice. Herein, we describe the positive margin rates of two non-fellowship-trained private-practice urologists who converted from open radical retropubic prostatectomy to robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. The margin positivity data from two non-fellowship-trained private-practice urologists (surgeon 1 and surgeon 2) were reviewed retrospectively. The last 50 cases of open radical retropubic prostatectomy from each surgeon were compared with the first 50 robotic prostatectomy cases of surgeons 1 and 2, respectively. A positive surgical margin was defined as tumor present at the inked margin of the prostate. There was a significant decrease in the overall and pT2 positive margin rates for both surgeons. The overall positive margin rate and pT2 positive margin rate for surgeon 1 dropped from 44 to 20% and from 37 to 5.7%, respectively, after changing from open to robotic prostatectomy. For surgeon 2, the overall positive margin rate changed from 26 to 18% and the pT2 positive margin rate changed from 27.5 to 7% after converting. Changing from open to robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy may improve the ability of urologists to obtain negative surgical margins. With proper training this phenomenon does seem to apply to non-fellowship-trained urologists in private practice and can be realized within the first 50 cases performed.
Additional Information
Publisher: Springer Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 101300401 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Print ISSN: 1863-2483 (Print) Linking ISSN: 18632483 NLM ISO Abbreviation: J Robot Surg Subsets: PubMed not MEDLINE
Original Publication: London : Springer
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Keywords: Positive margins; Prostate cancer; Radical prostatectomy; Robotic-assisted
Date Created: 20141209 Date Completed: 20160920 Latest Revision: 20181113
20211214
PMC4247426
10.1007/s11701-007-0017-y
25484951
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