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Advanced Search Results For "CHOICE (Psychology)"

1 - 10 of 60,170 results for
 "CHOICE (Psychology)"
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Evaluating the Working With Older Adults Scale With Clinical Psychology Doctoral Students.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): The Gerontologist [Gerontologist] 2022 Sep 07; Vol. 62 (8), pp. 1217-1225.

Authors:

Abstract: Background and Objectives: The ongoing workforce shortage in geropsychology requires continued efforts to understand the factors that influence whether or not students choose to enter this field. The current study builds on prior research by replicatin...

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School choice increases racial segregation even when parents do not care about race.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America [Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A] 2022 Aug 30; Vol. 119 (35), pp. e2117979119. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Aug 22.

Abstract: This research examines how school choice impacts school segregation. Specifically, this work demonstrates that even if parents do not take the racial demographics of schools into account, preference differences between Black and White parents for other...

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Pavlovian processes may produce contrast leading to bias and suboptimal choice.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Learning & behavior [Learn Behav] 2022 Sep; Vol. 50 (3), pp. 349-359. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Mar 01.

Authors:

Abstract: Pavlovian processes are likely responsible for the varied contexts in which contrast occurs between what is expected and what is obtained. Such contrast effects result in paradoxical biases and even suboptimal choice by animals. For example, pigeons pr...

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Patients' and Psychologists' Preferences for Feedback Reports on Expected Mental Health Treatment Outcomes: A Discrete-Choice Experiment.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Administration and policy in mental health [Adm Policy Ment Health] 2022 Sep; Vol. 49 (5), pp. 707-721. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Apr 15.

Abstract: In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on routine outcome monitoring (ROM) to provide feedback on patient progress during mental health treatment, with some systems also predicting the expected treatment outcome. The aim of this study was ...

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The ideal free distribution accounts for free-operant domesticated dog foraging.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior [J Exp Anal Behav] 2022 Sep; Vol. 118 (2), pp. 327-336. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Aug 05.

Authors:

Abstract: The Ideal Free Distribution suggests the relative allocation of the number of organisms foraging across two or more resource sites will match the relative density of reinforcement patches in those resource sites. This initial project sought to develop ...

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Formalizing the fundamental Faustian bargain: Inefficacious decision-makers sacrifice their freedom of choice to coercive leaders for economic security.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): PloS one [PLoS One] 2022 Sep 27; Vol. 17 (9), pp. e0275265. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Sep 27 (Print Publication: 2022).

Abstract: Individuals typically prefer the freedom to make their own decisions. Yet, people often trade their own decision control (procedural utility) to gain economic security (outcome utility). Decision science has not reconciled these observations. We examin...

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Forced-exposure trials increase suboptimal choice.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Psychonomic bulletin & review [Psychon Bull Rev] 2022 Aug; Vol. 29 (4), pp. 1514-1523. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Apr 04.

Abstract: The influence of single option or forced-exposure (FE) trials was studied in the suboptimal choice task. Pigeons chose between an optimal alternative that led to food half of the time and a suboptimal alternative that led to food 20% of the time. Choic...

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Calling situated: a survey among medical students supplemented by a qualitative study and a comparison with a surveyed sample of physicians.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): BMC medical education [BMC Med Educ] 2022 Aug 15; Vol. 22 (1), pp. 619. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Aug 15.

Abstract: Background: Calling within the medical context receives growing academic attention and empirical research has started to demonstrate its beneficial effects. The purpose of this study is to investigate what motivates students to enter medical school and...

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Factors Influencing a Clinician-Scientist Career Path in Otolaryngology.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): The Laryngoscope [Laryngoscope] 2022 Aug; Vol. 132 (8), pp. 1555-1560. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Nov 13.

Abstract: Objectives/hypothesis: To better understand the obstacles facing residents and K-awardee faculty in choosing a clinician-scientist career in otolaryngology.Study Design: Anonymous survey.Methods: An anonymous, online Qualtrics survey was sent to reside...

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Associations of mothers' and fathers' structure-related food parenting practices and child food approach eating behaviors during the COVID pandemic.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Physiology & behavior [Physiol Behav] 2022 Aug 01; Vol. 252, pp. 113837. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 May 02.

Abstract: Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, many mothers and fathers have spent more time at home with their children, warranting consideration of parenting practices around food during the pandemic as influences on obesogenic eating behaviors among chil...

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