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Advanced Search Results For "DECISION making in law"

1 - 10 of 20,857 results for
 "DECISION making in law"
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How to make better forensic decisions.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America [Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A] 2022 Sep 20; Vol. 119 (38), pp. e2206567119. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Sep 13.

Abstract:Much of forensic practice today involves human decisions about the origins of patterned sensory evidence, such as tool marks and fingerprints discovered at a crime scene. These decisions are made by trained observers who compare the evidential pattern ...

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Cognitive and human factors in legal layperson decision making: Sources of bias in juror decision making.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Medicine, science, and the law [Med Sci Law] 2022 Jul; Vol. 62 (3), pp. 206-215. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Feb 17.

Abstract:Juries in adversarial courts are tasked with several responsibilities. They are asked to: 1) assess the credibility and reliability of the evidence presented; 2) deliberate; 3) and then reach a decision. Jurors are expected to evaluate said evidence in...

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The impact of pretrial publicity on mock juror and jury verdicts: A meta-analysis.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Law and human behavior [Law Hum Behav] 2022 Apr; Vol. 46 (2), pp. 121-139. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Jan 27.

Abstract:Objective: We updated and extended a meta-analysis on pretrial publicity (PTP) conducted by Steblay et al. (1999) by reexamining the effect of negative (antidefendant) PTP on individual (juror) and deliberating group (jury) verdicts and the effect of p...

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Public Health Risk and Civic Peership.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):AMA journal of ethics [AMA J Ethics] 2022 Aug 01; Vol. 24 (8), pp. E806-809. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Aug 01.

Abstract:During the COVID-19 pandemic, some US federal courts required jurors' vaccination against COVID-19, which, according to some, made a juror less representative of a peer. This comic investigates this set of concerns narratively and visually. (Copyright ...

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Mosaic or Melting Pot? Race and Juror Decision Making in Canada and the United States.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Journal of interpersonal violence [J Interpers Violence] 2022 Jan; Vol. 37 (1-2), pp. NP991-NP1012. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 May 13.

Abstract:Although Canada and the United States both demonstrate significant overrepresentation of racialized groups in prisons, the overrepresented groups vary by country, potentially signifying results of the countries' different (though similarly problematic)...

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Proven and not proven: A potential alternative to the current Scottish verdict system.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Behavioral sciences & the law [Behav Sci Law] 2022 May; Vol. 40 (3), pp. 452-466. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Apr 22.

Abstract:The current Scottish verdict system includes three verdicts: 'guilty', 'not guilty' and 'not proven'. The Scottish Government are currently reviewing the utility of the not proven verdict. Proponents of the not proven verdict suggest that it directs ju...

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Eyewitness confidence and mock juror decisions of guilt: A meta-analytic review.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Law and human behavior [Law Hum Behav] 2022 Feb; Vol. 46 (1), pp. 45-66.

Abstract:Objective: We investigated the impact of eyewitness confidence on the following dependent variables: (a) guilty or not-guilty verdict; (b) judgments of guilt as measured on a scale; and (c) mock jurors' perception of the accuracy of an eyewitness's ide...

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Focal Concerns and Police Decision Making in Sexual Assault Cases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Trauma, violence & abuse [Trauma Violence Abuse] 2022 Oct; Vol. 23 (4), pp. 1220-1234. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Feb 15.

Abstract:Sexual assault and case attrition at the arrest stage are serious problems in the United States. Focal concerns have increasingly been used to explain police decision making in sexual assault cases. Because of the popularity of the focal concerns persp...

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Biased by Choice: How Financial Constraints Can Reduce Financial Mistakes.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Review of Financial Studies. Apr2022, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p1643-1681. 39p.

Abstract:We show that constraints can improve financial decision-making by disciplining behavioral biases. In financial markets, restrictions on leverage limit traders' ability to borrow to open new positions. We demonstrate that regulation that restricts the p...

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Funneled Through or Filtered Out: An Examination of Police and Prosecutorial Decision-Making in Adult Sexual Assault Cases.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Violence against women [Violence Against Women] 2020 Dec; Vol. 26 (15-16), pp. 1919-1940. Date of Electronic Publication: 2019 Dec 23.

Abstract:To improve criminal justice responses to sexual assault, it is vital to understand the factors that influence decisions made by police and prosecutors and how these decisions overlap. Although decisions made at the prosecutorial stage are largely relia...

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