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Advanced Search Results For "DNA fingerprinting"

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 "DNA fingerprinting"
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Challenges in the recovery of the genetic data from human remains found on the Western Balkan migration route.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): International journal of legal medicine [Int J Legal Med] 2023 Jan; Vol. 137 (1), pp. 181-193. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Apr 22.

Abstract: Traditional DNA-based identification of human remains relies on the system of matching STR profile of the deceased with the family references or antemortem samples. In forensic cases without any available samples for the comparison, the body remains un...

Recommendations for the successful identification of altered human remains using standard and emerging technologies: Results of a systematic approach.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Forensic science international. Genetics [Forensic Sci Int Genet] 2023 Jan; Vol. 62, pp. 102790. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Oct 17.

Abstract: Successful DNA-based identification of altered human remains relies on the condition of the corpses and varies between tissue types. Therefore, the aim of this prospective multicenter study was to generate evidence-based recommendations for the success...

Developmental validation of STRmix™ NGS, a probabilistic genotyping tool for the interpretation of autosomal STRs from forensic profiles generated using NGS.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Forensic science international. Genetics [Forensic Sci Int Genet] 2023 Jan; Vol. 62, pp. 102804. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Nov 08.

Abstract: We describe the developmental validation of the probabilistic genotyping software - STRmix™ NGS - developed for the interpretation of forensic DNA profiles containing autosomal STRs generated using next generation sequencing (NGS) also known as massive...

Combining artificial neural network classification with fully continuous probabilistic genotyping to remove the need for an analytical threshold and electropherogram reading.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Forensic science international. Genetics [Forensic Sci Int Genet] 2023 Jan; Vol. 62, pp. 102787. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Oct 10.

Abstract: Standard processing of electrophoretic data within a forensic DNA laboratory is for one (or two) analysts to designate peaks as either artefactual or non-artefactual in a process commonly referred to as profile 'reading'. Recently, FaSTR™ DNA has been ...

Characterizing the amplification of STR markers in multiplex polymerase chain displacement reaction using massively parallel sequencing.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Forensic science international. Genetics [Forensic Sci Int Genet] 2023 Jan; Vol. 62, pp. 102802. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Oct 21.

Authors:

Abstract: Polymerase chain displacement reaction (PCDR) showed advantages in forensic low-template DNA analysis with improved amplification efficiency, higher allele detection capacity, and lower stutter artifact than PCR. However, characteristics of STR markers...

Comparison of genotyping and weight of evidence results when applying different genotyping strategies on samples from a DNA transfer experiment.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): International journal of legal medicine [Int J Legal Med] 2023 Jan; Vol. 137 (1), pp. 47-56. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Nov 23.

Abstract: In this study, we assessed to what extent data on the subject of TPPR (transfer, persistence, prevalence, recovery) that are obtained through an older STR typing kit can be used in an activity-level evaluation for a case profiled with a more modern STR...

Examining the transfer of male DNA onto female underwear in simulated non sexual social interaction versus digital penetration to assist in the evaluation of results in casework scenarios.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Science & justice : journal of the Forensic Science Society [Sci Justice] 2023 Jan; Vol. 63 (1), pp. 90-108. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Nov 30.

Abstract: Experiments have been carried out by the UK and Ireland Association of Forensic Science Providers Body Fluid Forum (AFSP BFF) to determine the levels of male DNA, detected during Y-STR analysis, that may be expected on female underwear from non-sexual ...

A comparison of likelihood ratios with and without assuming relatedness for DNA mixtures interpreted using a continuous model.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Forensic science international. Genetics [Forensic Sci Int Genet] 2023 Jan; Vol. 62, pp. 102800. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Oct 27.

Abstract: When evaluating support for the contribution of a person of interest (POI) to a mixed DNA sample, it is generally assumed that the mixture contributors are unrelated to the POI and to each other. In practice, there may be situations where this assumpti...

Evaluating DNA Mixtures with Contributors from Different Populations Using Probabilistic Genotyping.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Genes [Genes (Basel)] 2022 Dec 23; Vol. 14 (1). Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Dec 23.

Abstract: It is common practice to evaluate DNA profiling evidence with likelihood ratios using allele frequency estimates from a relevant population. When multiple populations may be relevant, a choice has to be made. For two-person mixtures without dropout, it...

Touch DNA Sampling Methods: Efficacy Evaluation and Systematic Review.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): International journal of molecular sciences [Int J Mol Sci] 2022 Dec 08; Vol. 23 (24). Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Dec 08.

Abstract: Collection and interpretation of "touch DNA" from crime scenes represent crucial steps during criminal investigations, with clear consequences in courtrooms. Although the main aspects of this type of evidence have been extensively studied, some controv...

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