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Advanced Search Results For "HIV Infections"

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 "HIV Infections"
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Co-Infection and Cancer: Host-Pathogen Interaction between Dendritic Cells and HIV-1, HTLV-1, and Other Oncogenic Viruses.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Viruses [Viruses] 2022 Sep 14; Vol. 14 (9). Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Sep 14.

Abstract: Dendritic cells (DCs) function as a link between innate and adaptive immune responses. Retroviruses HIV-1 and HTLV-1 modulate DCs to their advantage and utilize them to propagate infection. Coinfection of HTLV-1 and HIV-1 has implications for cancer ma...

Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Opportunistic Infections and Beyond.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Neuroimaging clinics of North America [Neuroimaging Clin N Am] 2023 Feb; Vol. 33 (1), pp. 147-165.

Authors:

Abstract: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection causes substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although antiretroviral therapy (ART) has changed the epidemiology of HIV in the last 20 years with increased survival and decreasing incidence of opport...

Utility of the Signal-to-Cutoff Ratio and Antigen Index from Fourth- and Fifth-Generation HIV-1/HIV-2 Antigen/Antibody Assays for the Diagnosis of Acute HIV Infection: Applicability for Real-Time Use for Immediate Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of clinical microbiology [J Clin Microbiol] 2022 Dec 21; Vol. 60 (12), pp. e0120422. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Nov 30.

Abstract: Identification of individuals with acute HIV infection (AHI) and rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) are priorities for HIV elimination efforts. Fourth- and fifth-generation HIV-1/HIV-2 antigen (Ag)/antibody (Ab) combination assays can qui...

Evaluation of Hematological, Biochemical Profiles and Molecular Detection of Envelope Gene (gp-41) in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among Newly Diagnosed Patients.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania) [Medicina (Kaunas)] 2022 Dec 31; Vol. 59 (1). Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Dec 31.

Abstract: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a highly morphic, retrovirus that rapidly evolves through mutation as well as recombination. Because of the immunocompromised status in HIV patients, there is often a higher chance of acquiring different second...

How pregnant women living with HIV and their male partners manage men's HIV self-testing: qualitative analysis of an HIVST secondary distribution process in Kampala, Uganda.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of the International AIDS Society [J Int AIDS Soc] 2023 Jan; Vol. 26 (1), pp. e26050.

Abstract: Introduction: Increased HIV testing by men in sub-Saharan Africa is key to meeting UNAIDS 2025 testing targets. Secondary distribution of HIV self-testing (HIVST) kits by pregnant women attending antenatal care to male partners has been shown to increa...

Incidence and predictors of opportunistic infections in adolescents and adults after the initiation of antiretroviral therapy: A 10-year retrospective cohort study in Ethiopia.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Frontiers in public health [Front Public Health] 2022 Dec 15; Vol. 10, pp. 1064859. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Dec 15 (Print Publication: 2022).

Abstract: Background: Opportunistic infections (OIs) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV). However, there are few robust recent data on the rates of OIs and the risk factors that contribu...

Results of an interventional HIV testing programme in the context of a mpox (formerly monkeypox) vaccination campaign in Latium Region, Italy, August to October 2022.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin [Euro Surveill] 2022 Dec; Vol. 27 (48).

Abstract: HIV testing was offered to 2,185 people receiving mpox (formerly monkeypox) vaccination, who reported not being HIV positive. Among them 390 were current PrEP users, and 131 had taken PrEP in the past. Of 958 individuals consenting testing, six were ne...

The Feasibility and Acceptability of an mHealth Conversational Agent Designed to Support HIV Self-testing in South Africa: Cross-sectional Study.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of medical Internet research [J Med Internet Res] 2022 Dec 12; Vol. 24 (12), pp. e39816. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Dec 12.

Abstract: Background: HIV testing rates in sub-Saharan Africa remain below the targeted threshold, and primary care facilities struggle to provide adequate services. Innovative approaches that leverage digital technologies could improve HIV testing and access to...

Polygenic Risk Scores for Prediction of Subclinical Coronary Artery Disease in Persons With Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): The Swiss HIV Cohort Study.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America [Clin Infect Dis] 2023 Jan 06; Vol. 76 (1), pp. 48-56.

Abstract: Background: In people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PWH), individual polygenic risk scores (PRSs) are associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) events. Whether PRSs are associated with subclinical CAD is unknown.Methods: In Swiss HIV Coh...

Complications of primary total hip arthroplasty in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients with femoral head osteonecrosis.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Hip international : the journal of clinical and experimental research on hip pathology and therapy [Hip Int] 2023 Jan; Vol. 33 (1), pp. 62-66. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Apr 08.

Abstract: Background: Femoral head osteonecrosis (FHON) is a well-recognised complication in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a reliable solution to FHON and has provided functional improvement and pain ...

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