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Advanced Search Results For "INDIVIDUALITY"

1 - 10 of 25,478 results for
 "INDIVIDUALITY"
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Rebuilding ships while at sea-Character individuality, homology, and evolutionary innovation.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of morphology [J Morphol] 2023 Jan; Vol. 284 (1), pp. e21522. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Nov 09.

Authors:

Abstract: How novel traits originate in evolution is still one of the most perplexing questions in Evolutionary Biology. Building on a previous account of evolutionary innovation, I here propose that evolutionary novelties are those individualized characters tha...

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The social evolution of individual differences: Future directions for a comparative science of personality in social behavior.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews [Neurosci Biobehav Rev] 2023 Jan; Vol. 144, pp. 104980. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Dec 02.

Abstract: Personality is essential for understanding the evolution of cooperation and conflict in behavior. However, personality science remains disconnected from the field of social evolution, limiting our ability to explain how personality and plasticity shape...

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Individual differences, uniqueness, and individuality in behavioural ecology.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Studies in history and philosophy of science [Stud Hist Philos Sci] 2022 Dec; Vol. 96, pp. 18-26. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Sep 20.

Authors:

Abstract: In this paper I develop a concept of behavioural ecological individuality. Using findings from a case study which employed qualitative methods, I argue that individuality in behavioural ecology should be defined as phenotypic and ecological uniqueness,...

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Antisocial and impulsive personality traits are linked to individual differences in somatosensory maps of emotion.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Scientific reports [Sci Rep] 2023 Jan 12; Vol. 13 (1), pp. 675. Date of Electronic Publication: 2023 Jan 12.

Abstract: Somatosensory experience is an important component of emotion, playing a prominent role in many traditional emotion theories. Nonetheless, and despite the extensive literature on the influence of individual differences in emotional processing, the rela...

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How we compare: A new approach to assess aspects of the comparison process for appearance-based standards and their associations with individual differences in wellbeing and personality measures.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): PloS one [PLoS One] 2023 Jan 11; Vol. 18 (1), pp. e0280072. Date of Electronic Publication: 2023 Jan 11 (Print Publication: 2023).

Abstract: We introduce a novel approach to assess habitual comparison processes, while distinguishing between different types of comparison standards. Several comparison theories (e.g., social) suggest that self-evaluations use different standards to inform self...

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The importance of distinguishing individual differences in 'social impact' versus 'social responsiveness' when quantifying indirect genetic effects on the evolution of social plasticity.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews [Neurosci Biobehav Rev] 2023 Jan; Vol. 144, pp. 104996. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Dec 13.

Abstract: Social evolution and the dynamics of social interactions have previously been studied under the frameworks of quantitative genetics and behavioural ecology. In quantitative genetics, indirect genetic effects of social partners on the socially plastic p...

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Reduction of costly safety behaviors after extinction with a generalization stimulus is determined by individual differences in generalization rules.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Behaviour research and therapy [Behav Res Ther] 2023 Jan; Vol. 160, pp. 104233. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Nov 18.

Abstract: Exposure-based treatment involves repeated presentation of feared stimuli or situations in the absence of perceived threat (i.e., extinction learning). However, the stimulus or situation of fear acquisition (CS+) is highly unlikely to be replicated and...

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Individual Differences and Skill Training in Cognitive Mapping: How and Why People Differ.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Topics in cognitive science [Top Cogn Sci] 2023 Jan; Vol. 15 (1), pp. 163-186. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Feb 28.

Authors:

Abstract: Spatial ability plays important roles in academic learning and everyday activities. A type of spatial thinking that is of particular significance to people's daily lives is cognitive mapping, that is, the process of acquiring, representing, and using k...

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Environmental Sensitivity in Adults: Psychometric Properties of the Japanese Version of the Highly Sensitive Person Scale 10-Item Version.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of personality assessment [J Pers Assess] 2023 Jan-Feb; Vol. 105 (1), pp. 87-99. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Mar 14.

Abstract: Environmental Sensitivity , which explains individual differences in the tendency to respond more to both positive and negative environmental influences, can be measured by the self-reported Highly Sensitive Person scale. This paper introduced psychome...

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Linking Individual Differences in Personalized Functional Network Topography to Psychopathology in Youth.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Biological psychiatry [Biol Psychiatry] 2022 Dec 15; Vol. 92 (12), pp. 973-983. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 May 18.

Abstract: Background: The spatial layout of large-scale functional brain networks differs between individuals and is particularly variable in the association cortex, implicated in a broad range of psychiatric disorders. However, it remains unknown whether this v...

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