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Advanced Search Results For "PROBABILITY theory"

1 - 10 of 376,915 results for
 "PROBABILITY theory"
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Constructive Biases in Clinical Judgment.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Topics in cognitive science [Top Cogn Sci] 2022 Jul; Vol. 14 (3), pp. 508-527. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jun 03.

Abstract:With a pair of oppositely valenced stimuli, rating the first one sometimes leads to a more extreme evaluation for the second (e.g., if the second is negatively valenced, rating the first stimulus would lead to a more negative rating for the second). We...

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States of ignorance and ignorance of states: Examining the Quantum Principal Principle.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Studies in history and philosophy of science [Stud Hist Philos Sci] 2021 Dec; Vol. 90, pp. 160-167. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Oct 22.

Abstract:Earman (2018) has recently argued that the Principal Principle, a principle of rationality connecting objective chance and credence, is a theorem of quantum probability theory. This paper critiques Earman's argument, while also offering a positive prop...

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The similarity-updating model of probability judgment and belief revision.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Psychological review [Psychol Rev] 2021 Nov; Vol. 128 (6), pp. 1088-1111. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jul 22.

Abstract:People often take nondiagnostic information into account when revising their beliefs. A probability judgment decreases due to nondiagnostic information represents the well-established "dilution effect" observed in many domains. Surprisingly, the opposi...

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The Empirical Reality of IT Project Cost Overruns: Discovering A Power-Law Distribution.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Journal of Management Information Systems. 2022, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p607-639. 33p. 1 Diagram, 6 Charts, 7 Graphs.

Abstract:If managers assume a normal or near-normal distribution of Information Technology (IT) project cost overruns, as is common, and cost overruns can be shown to follow a power-law distribution, managers may be unwittingly exposing their organizations to e...

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Measurement equivalence in probability and nonprobability online panels.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):International Journal of Market Research. Jul2022, Vol. 64 Issue 4, p484-505. 22p. 1 Diagram, 8 Charts.

Abstract:Nonprobability online panels are commonly used in the social sciences as a fast and inexpensive way of collecting data in contrast to more expensive probability-based panels. Given their ubiquitous use in social science research, a great deal of resear...

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Information overload for (bounded) rational agents.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Proceedings. Biological sciences [Proc Biol Sci] 2021 Feb 10; Vol. 288 (1944), pp. 20202957. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Feb 03.

Abstract:Bayesian inference offers an optimal means of processing environmental information and so an advantage in natural selection. We consider the apparent, recent trend in increasing dysfunctional disagreement in, for example, political debate. This is puzz...

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A Study on Some Probability Problems in Proverb Situations.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Education Research International. 9/21/2022, p1-8. 8p.

Abstract:From the perspective of probability theory, this study makes a mathematical model of the proverbs themselves or the background stories reflected by them, carries out experiments and analyses, fully excavating the philosophical, scientific, and cultural...

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Error-Index-Based Algorithm for Low-Velocity Impact Localization.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Shock & Vibration. 9/8/2022, p1-16. 16p.

Abstract:Flat plates and cylindrical shells are commonly used in large equipment. To locate the low-velocity impact points in these structures, this study proposes an error-index-based algorithm for impact localization. The time of arrival of an impact-generate...

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Trapped-particle microrheology of active suspensions.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Journal of Chemical Physics. 9/14/2022, Vol. 157 Issue 10, p1-15. 15p.

Abstract:In microrheology, the local rheological properties, such as the viscoelasticity of a complex fluid, are inferred from the free or forced motion of embedded colloidal probe particles. Theoretical machinery developed for forced-probe microrheology of col...

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基于 Deep AR 神经网络时间序列模型的电能消耗预测.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):Journal of Jiangsu University-Natural Science Edition / Jiangsu Daxue Xuebao-Ziran Kexue Ban. 2022, Vol. 43 Issue 5, p599-603. 5p.

Abstract:为实现对电能消耗进行准确预测,基于美国 PJM 公司数据集,采用基于深度自回归循环网络(deep autoregressive recurrent networks,Deep AR)时间序列模型,对Commonwealth Edison公司未来某12 h区间电能消耗进行预测.该模型基于长短期记忆网络(long short term memory network,LSTM)得到数据的分布参数,最后在高斯分布中进行采样,从而得到预测值.采用平均绝对误差(MAE)、均方根误差(RMSE)和平均绝对百分比误...

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