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Advanced Search Results For "REINFORCEMENT (Psychology)"

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 "REINFORCEMENT (Psychology)"
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Bridging the gap between laboratory and applied research on response-independent schedules.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of applied behavior analysis [J Appl Behav Anal] 2023 Jan; Vol. 56 (1), pp. 55-77. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Nov 28.

Abstract: In 1948, Skinner described the behavior of pigeons under response-independent schedules as "superstitious," and proposed that the responses were reinforced by contiguous, adventitious food deliveries. Subsequently, response-independent schedules have b...

A test of the evolutionary theory's account of punishment superimposed on single-alternative schedules.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior [J Exp Anal Behav] 2023 Jan; Vol. 119 (1), pp. 117-128. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Nov 23.

Abstract: A test of the evolutionary theory was conducted by replicating Bradshaw et al.'s (1977, 1978, 1979) experiments in which human participants worked on single-alternative variable-interval (VI) schedules of reinforcement under three punishment conditions...

Comparison of progressive hold and progressive response schedules of reinforcement.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Behavioural processes [Behav Processes] 2023 Feb; Vol. 205, pp. 104822. Date of Electronic Publication: 2023 Jan 18.

Abstract: Progressive ratio (PR) schedules have been widely used to study motivation to work for a reinforcer. After a post-reinforcer pause, subjects engage in pressing a lever until a reinforcer is obtained. However, the discrete nature of lever presses allows...

Negative reinforcement of behavioral variability without previous training with positive reinforcement.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Behavioural processes [Behav Processes] 2023 Jan; Vol. 204, pp. 104797. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Nov 29.

Abstract: In a previous study, Fonseca Júnior and Hunziker (2017) provided evidence of the control of behavioral variability by avoidance contingencies. However, their study presented three methodological weaknesses: (1) only one contingency reversal was conduct...

Count-based decision-making in mice: numerosity vs. stimulus control.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Animal cognition [Anim Cogn] 2022 Dec; Vol. 25 (6), pp. 1621-1630. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Jul 17.

Abstract: Numerical and temporal control of behavior is ubiquitous across many species of animals. Recent studies showed that in the presence of reliable discriminative stimuli, mice ignore temporal relations and probabilistic information but when discriminative...

Toward a Psychology of Deep Reinforcement Learning Agents Using a Cognitive Architecture.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Topics in cognitive science [Top Cogn Sci] 2022 Oct; Vol. 14 (4), pp. 756-779. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Sep 01.

Abstract: We argue that cognitive models can provide a common ground between human users and deep reinforcement learning (Deep RL) algorithms for purposes of explainable artificial intelligence (AI). Casting both the human and learner as cognitive models provide...

Effects of variability requirements on difficult sequence learning.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior [J Exp Anal Behav] 2022 Nov; Vol. 118 (3), pp. 442-461. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Sep 25.

Abstract: The present study investigated the effects of variability requirements on learning difficult target sequences in humans. Twenty university students emitted five-response sequences. For the experimental groups, 30 nontarget sequences were reinforced acc...

Nominally acceptable integrity failures negatively affect interventions involving intermittent reinforcement.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of applied behavior analysis [J Appl Behav Anal] 2022 Oct; Vol. 55 (4), pp. 1109-1123. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Jul 12.

Abstract: The finding that differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA) is efficacious at 80% integrity when continuous reinforcement is programmed for alternative responding may have contributed to a perception that integrity at 80% or above is acce...

Reinforcer efficacy of grain for horses.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior [J Exp Anal Behav] 2022 Sep; Vol. 118 (2), pp. 302-315. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Sep 02.

Abstract: Positive reinforcement is becoming more common in horse training. Identifying effective reinforcers is critical for training success. The aim of this study was to determine relative reinforcer efficacy of different grains. Four horses learned to muzzle...

Delaying extinction weakens the partial reinforcement extinction effect.

Publication Type: Academic Journal

Source(s): Journal of experimental psychology. Animal learning and cognition [J Exp Psychol Anim Learn Cogn] 2022 Oct; Vol. 48 (4), pp. 321-335. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 May 12.

Authors:

Abstract: Conditioned responding that has been extinguished can spontaneously return when the conditioned stimulus (CS) is first presented after an extended delay. This spontaneous recovery of responding suggests that the memory of nonreinforced experience with ...

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