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Advanced Search Results For "human rights"

1 - 10 of 565 results for
 "human rights"
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The UN Challenge to Guardianship and Surrogate Decision-Making.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):The Hastings Center report [Hastings Cent Rep] 2022 Mar; Vol. 52 (2), pp. 4-6.

Abstract:In 2006, the United Nations issued the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The Convention, together with an accompanying commentary, urges governments to abandon laws authorizing guardianship and substitute decision-making for people...

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A Matter of Justice: "Fat" Is Not Necessarily a Bad Word.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):The Hastings Center report [Hastings Cent Rep] 2020 Sep; Vol. 50 (5), pp. 11-16.

Abstract:This essay argues that the discrimination that fat patients face is an issue of health justice. Insofar as this is the case, bioethicists and health care providers should not only care about it but also work to dismantle the systematic, institutional, ...

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Structural Injustices in Our Nonideal World.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):The Hastings Center report [Hastings Cent Rep] 2020 Nov; Vol. 50 (6), pp. 42-43.

Abstract:Madison Powers and Ruth Faden's book Structural Injustice: Power, Advantage, and Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 2019), is an invaluable contribution to help us grasp the contemporary ills of our nonideal world. The authors' general claim is tha...

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Asylum, Refuge, and Justice in Health.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):The Hastings Center report [Hastings Cent Rep] 2019 May; Vol. 49 (3), pp. 13-17.

Abstract:We are, as of May 2019, witnessing yet another "caravan" of people fleeing violence in Latin America, bonding together to reach the territory of safer states in the North. Similarly, in the fall of 2015, Europe experienced the movement of many refugees...

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Patients as Rights Holders.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):The Hastings Center report [Hastings Cent Rep] 2017 Jul; Vol. 47 (4), pp. 32-39.

Abstract:Autonomy and consent have been central values in Western moral and political thought for centuries. One way of understanding the bioethical models that started to develop, especially in the 1970s, is that they were about the fusion of a long-standing p...

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The Harms of a Penal Colony.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):The Hastings Center report [Hastings Cent Rep] 2019 Jul; Vol. 49 (4), pp. 44-45.

Abstract:More than just a jail, Rikers has become a site of shifting discourse on punishment and justice in the United States. In the book Life and Death in Rikers Island, Homer Venters argues that the systematic failures of jails to provide appropriate safety ...

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Respecting Choice in Definitions of Death.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):The Hastings Center report [Hastings Cent Rep] 2018 Nov; Vol. 48 Suppl 4, pp. S53-S55.

Abstract:The definition of death was clearer one hundred years ago than it is today. People were declared dead if diagnosed with permanent cessation of both cardio-circulatory function and respiratory function. But the definition has been muddled by the develop...

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AI Surveillance during Pandemics: Ethical Implementation Imperatives.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):The Hastings Center report [Hastings Cent Rep] 2020 May; Vol. 50 (3), pp. 18-21.

Abstract:Artificial intelligence surveillance can be used to diagnose individual cases, track the spread of Covid-19, and help provide care. The use of AI for surveillance purposes (such as detecting new Covid-19 cases and gathering data from healthy and ill in...

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Human-Animal Chimeras: The Moral Insignificance of Uniquely Human Capacities.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):The Hastings Center report [Hastings Cent Rep] 2019 Sep; Vol. 49 (5), pp. 23-32.

Abstract:Human-animal chimeras-creatures composed of a mix of animal and human cells-have come to play an important role in biomedical research, and they raise ethical questions. This article focuses on one particularly difficult set of questions-those related ...

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Artificial Wombs and Abortion Rights.

Publication Type:Academic Journal

Source(s):The Hastings Center report [Hastings Cent Rep] 2017 Jul; Vol. 47 (4), pp. inside back cover.

Abstract:In a study published in late April in Nature Communications, the authors were able to sustain 105- to 115-day-old premature lamb fetuses-whose level of development was comparable to that of a twenty-three-week-old human fetus-for four weeks in an artif...

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